Facial Muscle Diagram
Skeletal muscles can contract either
isometrically or isotonically.
Isometric contraction: Muscle contracts but does not shorten (when
pushing against an unmovable object)
Isotonic contraction: Muscle contracts and shortens
Example: When walking, certain leg muscles will
contract isometrically keeping the leg stiff as it touches the ground, while other muscles
contract isotonically, bending the knee and lifting the leg upward.
Four (4) facial training techniques taught today:
Starting with the least aggressive:
Electrical Stimulator: ... electrical pulse generated contraction...(Isotonic
produces slight increases in size and strength of muscle.
Isotonic: voluntary contraction / without resistance.
Produces slight increases in size and strength of muscle.
Programs: Face Exercises That Prevent Premature Aging -
Isometric: muscle fiber's contract but
the muscle does not shorten or lengthen. The
term (Isometrics) is wrongfully used when describing the majority of today's facial training programs, if these
training programs were true isometrics there would virtually be no visual movement in
So called Isometric programs:
facial muscle is held in place (anchored for resistance) during
contraction. this form of training produces slightly more increase in size and strength.
As of today (2008) programs claiming to be
all or in part isomertics: Facial
Magic - Facercise /Face Building for Men - Carolyn's
Facial Fitness - Facelifting by Exercise
Isotonic with resistance: muscle is elongated
before contraction. This form of training induces muscular hypertrophy
Program: FlexEffect Facial Resistance Training / Facialbuilding
Three Types of Muscle
First you need to know that facial
muscles like all skeletal muscles are made up of bundles of cylindrical fibers A single facial muscle may have as
few as three or as many as 165. Each fiber
only when one fiber is completely contracted (shortened) will
the next fiber be called upon to contract. This way, you are able to contract
(shorten) just a portion of the muscle i.e. (curl a dumbbell only half way)
This contraction (shortening) of a
muscle is called a Concentric contraction.
When the load (resistance applied) is greater
than the strength of the muscle contraction i.e. object is just too
heavy, the fibers are contracted for all their worth but the muscle will actually
lengthen rather than shorten. Think of trying to lift/carry a very heavy bucket of sand
hanging down at your side.
This contraction (lengthening) of
a muscle is called a Eccentric contraction. This
particular contraction is what we strive for in Facialbuilding.
The very reason I say PULL (lengthen) and
hold the muscle before the contraction whenever possible. When you release this contraction while
continuing to hold (pull), you will then slowly release the tension in the muscle
(not just let go) this is called the NEGATIVE phase of the contraction. Again, what
we want in facialbuilding.
The third type of muscle contraction
involves a high intensity contraction in the individual muscle fibers
the muscle neither shortens or lengthens
against an immovable object such as a wall. The
fibers are giving their all, but the muscle length remains the same.
VISUAL MOVEMENT in the muscle
This contraction is called Isometric
How does electrical devices compare to all the
other forms of training?
Ive not tried any of the electrical training devices, but I do know they are used in
PT and have shown much success.
Here is some food for thought:
There is a lag time (latent period) between the time the stimulus is
applied and the time that the muscle responds. In a frog its about
0.01seconds, (I only mention the frog to sound more scientific) and even shorter in
a human muscle.
This lag time is followed by a period of contract (shortening of the muscle) and
then a period of relaxation (lengthening of the muscle)
Lets say a muscle Is exposed to two stimuli in quick succession,
it may respond to the first stimulus but not to the second. The
muscle has not been given the time to reestablish itself (refractory period)
A rapid series of stimuli can cause a muscle to produce a series of
contractions that become partially or completely fused together.
Bottom line: If the resulting sustained contraction
lacks even partial relaxation, youve accomplished ZIP... :0)
Great Q. thanks
There haven't been any scientific studies that I've found comparing the two. The paucity
of scientific studies on facial exercising to begin with is shameful. We do KNOW that for
the body, you may help to maintain some tone with electrical stimulation but you will NOT
build muscle. Naturally, if this were the case, we wouldn't have gyms. Only electric shock
clinics. The best means for building muscle and tone is resistance, and that's where
FlexEffect excels. Because it's a program that uses resistance NOT isometrics and not
electrical stimulation, the muscles of the face actually grow, providing better lift and a
more youthful face.
Mirco Facelift machine Jul 23, 2001
Is anyone familiar with Bella Vita's Micro facelift machines and treatments? It is
supposedly more powerful than dermal tone. And it is a Chuck Norris company. He's used it
- but then who knows
what that means. If anyone has tried it or has info on it and how it might compare to
dermal tone, I'd love to hear.
No, I don't know anything about the Micro Face device. You're the
first I've heard mention it.
Re: Book/other systems Jun 5, 2001
Hi, I also have Juliette Kando's book, and I think it's very effective. It isn't as good
as Deb's program, but it is better than plain isometrics, because she does use some
resistance, just not as much or as completely as Deb does.
The ironing out wrinkles technique also works to some degree. I think what makes it work
is that by pressing on the wrinkle, when you remove the pressure, the area is flooded with
blood -- which provides plumpness. Also the ironing technique has some similar effects to
massage -- which moves the tissue around, releases toxins, gets fresh nutrients via blood
into the skin,
I've read at least four different books about face exercises in addition to Deb's, and
I've watched two other videos. One on acupressure, with Meredith MacRae, is very good. All
of them have some good material, but none of them are as complete or as beneficial, IMHO,
as Deb's program. And I've only been doing Deb's program a few weeks, but I can see major
changes happening in muscle, tone and skin quality.
Since I'm getting so interested in the subject, I will probably continue to read other
books and incorporate other people's tips, but I really think we have the best of the best
right here at FlexEffect.com. And if there is anyone who reads or posts here who hasn't
yet bought Deb's system, I really think when you buy the book and the video, you will wish
you had bought it sooner.
Just my 2 cents. Or... seeing how long this is, maybe it's 2 bucks.
and well spent ! Thanks David.
Face Massage/ Rub out wrinkles Jun 1, 2001
Has anyone heard of Sanford Bennetts's book 'Old Age - It's Cause and Prevention'. I came
across it by accident, as it was mentioned in an aromatherapy book I was reading. It's a
very old book, but I think there may be something in what he says. He shows how he looked
like an old man at the age of 50, but how he then reversed this by massage and exercise,
so that at the age of 72 he looked less than half his age. He shows photographs of how he
looked at 50 and then 72, and the difference is remarkable. I always thought that massage
was just a silly afterthought if you have the time, and that maybe it just helped your
circulation a little, but now I'm wondering if it's more or less the whole story! He
claims that by using deep massage whilst contracting the muscles, you can build up the
muscles of the cheeks and jaw line, so that after some months they will be restored to the
roundness of youth. He also claims that by using friction massage on any other part of the
face, you can eventually eliminate lines and wrinkles, like smoothing out a piece of
leather.It's a fascinating book, and I'm going to give it a try. I just wondered if anyone
else has heard of it, and what they think of it. Deb advocates massage too, so maybe
there's a lot more to it than many think. He does also mention some exercises that are
necessary to do for the throat and neck, which are not dissimilar to Deb's. Any comments
would be appreciated.
This book sounds really interesting. I love the massage in Deb's
book. There is also a wonderful massage (similar) in the Take Charge Beauty Book
(Aubrey Organics). These are only two I have utilized and find them both to be a lot
of benefit. I would love to read some other books instructing facial massage
also...thx for your info.
Sounds interesting and I did a quick research to find the book but came up with nothing.
Any ideas how to find it.
I found it on Amazon.com. It under independent dealers of used
books....just type in Sanford Bennett and use all products. The prices range from
$15 to $74!
Try Barnes & Noble site for the book. Massage IS
definitely great..I discovered this fact early on in flexing. Some of the ex I
do...under eye and lip area ones, I massage the area directly after...i.e. patting the
area in rapid succession. No idea why this works so very well, but it absolutely
does. So there IS much to be said for massage. It is as much a part of my regimen as
flexing is...often when you have not the time to flex, massage is great to do. Also
great to do after flexing.
Read it last year. If you want to borrow it, you can order it
from the library on the World Cat.
I tried the friction for wrinkles, but as it caused so much redness and irritation I gave
it up rather quickly. If you give it a try, let us know how well it works.
Another book similar to Bennett's is Face Culture by Frederick Rossiter. He focuses
more on the facial exercises, but does have a chapter on massage which is similar to
Bennet's. I learned about both these books through another called Face Improvement
Through Exercise and Nutrition by Linda Clark (1973). Some of the exercises &
theories are so similar to Deb's that I think she must have read them when she started
exercising back in the 70's.
I don't have Deb's book, so I am not familiar with her massage other than what Ive read on
various posts. I think the three books above seem very similar to the massage
techniques referred to on the posts Ive read.
If you try the friction rub, let us know if you really can rub out wrinkles--and how you
did it without becoming irritated! I find the concept quite fascinating too!
Since the subject came up, I also have a book called "Natural
Facelift," by Juliette Kando, which includes some instructions on how to "iron
out" wrinkles. (I think I tried it for about a day, before I found Flex Effect and
decided that Flex Effect made a lot more sense than any of the things I read in this
book.) However, here is the description on how to do it, for anyone who is interested. I
think I will experiment with one of the tiny little lines I have on my forehead. I'll just
do the one so that
I can tell if it's working... Here's the technique from my book: First, make sure
the skin is clean and cover with one of the following: glycerin, Vaseline, a base oil,
Nivea, raw egg or cream. Work with two index fingers in opposition to each other across
the whole length of the wrinkle. (i.e. for a horizontal wrinkle, place your fingers
vertically--one up and one down--and rub across entire length of wrinkle moving across the
skin in a horizontal direction.) Move the fingers up and down in an alternating fashion
without pulling or stretching the skin. Do 15 or 20 repetitions of this until you
see the skin becoming a little red from blood flow. Then, hold two fingers on either side
of the wrinkle (one over it, one under it--this time in a horizontal placement), opening
out the wrinkle with one finger from the other hand. Now, literally rub out the wrinkle as
if you were using the rubber on the top of a pencil. (You can also use your knuckle for
this.) The color of the skin under the line should change from white to dark red. Don't
rub for more than three or four times on each wrinkle in the beginning until your skin
gets accustomed to being handled in this way.
That's it! That's the technique. I suppose it works (if it does) simply by encouraging
blood flow to the area. Perhaps, over time, it does encourage new cell growth in the area.
Wouldn't that be amazing?? Since it has come up in several books on the subject, perhaps
there is SOMETHING to it. I don't think it could hurt to try it...
Sounds nice. Be mindful you don't bust any
tiny capillaries! lol. Have you tried facial massage? Try massage for just one
The method you gave sounds similar to Frederick Rossiter's Face
Culture. However, he makes it very clear when you do any rubbing or friction on the
face/neck to smooth out wrinkles, the area should be held in muscle contraction, otherwise
you're wasting you time. He recommends doing a "smile up" exercise which
basically is smiling as broadly as you can with intensity (keep the mouth slightly
opened), then proceed with the "rub". Stop rubbing when you relax your smile,
then repeat the procedure, with the face contracted, as many times as you wish--but start
slowly at first until you build a tolerance to the friction. He does not recommend
any type of cream or oil unless
you are very sensitive. The friction is what smoothes out the wrinkle, and the
creams lessen the friction factor. If you're rubbing the neck do the "smile
up" ex. while contracting the
neck muscles too. He says the skin will not be stretched or loosened while you rub if you
have the muscles in contraction--the same applies for any type of massage you do to the
face or neck. He says a massage without contraction is beneficial for relaxation and
circulation but not to eliminate wrinkles. He was very emphatic about keeping the muscles
in contraction. He sounds very convincing because he began to use this method himself in
his 60's with great results. Because he was a professor of anatomy, he seems to speaks
with knowledge & authority on the subject. His book is extremely fascinating as
he explains the facial muscles, facial features and the benefits of exercising the face.
Did you know that contrary to popular belief, its not the eyes that one notices
first about an individual? Subconsciously, there's another portion of the face that
give us our first impression of someone's looks. And without this important feature,
he doubts whether you can even
win a beauty contest. I'll let you guess what that feature is. Now I really
try to emphasize mine(lol)! The book is filled with all kind of little insights about the
WRINKLE RUB ANOTHER WAY:
I can't remember the author or title for another method of rubbing out wrinkles; but
basically the procedure went something like this--Items need: Facial cream, teaspoons, a
glass container, warm water. Procedure: Cream your face, immerse the teaspoons in
the glass container filled with warm water (as hot as possible without burning your skin),
when the spoons heat, take one and begin to rub out the wrinkle with the back of the
spoon, as the spoon cools use the next warm one & return
the "used" one into the water. That's as much as I can remember. I
don't recall how the rubbing was done or how many times to do it. Maybe you can try
the warm spoon method incorporated with Kando's & Rossiter's??? I think the
friction of the spoon would be a lot less irritating than your finger. I
remember trying it once a long time ago and it did make the wrinkle seem to disappear
temporarily (I hardly had any then, so I didn't pursue it further). Maybe with
flexing & continued
daily rubbing it might work. If you try it I'm sure everyone would be most
interested in the results.
I really don't think you can rub out wrinkles without flexing and here's my reasoning.
Did you ever have a pair of old leather shoes that became creased? And did you
ever try to rub it smooth with mink oil? The oil may make the area soft, but
the creases won't go away because the leather is so slack. However, if you stuff the
shoe with paper to make it firm the crease lessens. Then when you rub the leather,
it smoothes that crease out. If you remove the paper though, the crease is back
because the leather returns to its slack state. I think flexing is like the paper
stuffing. Flexing firms the area up. Then I think it might be possible to rub
out the wrinkles. Perhaps this is the same reason Rossiter insists on muscle
contraction while rubbing. Does this make sense???
Yes, this makes absolute sense to me. But, I wonder
too, if this does work, HOW does it work? Is it like compounding out a scratch in the
surface of a car where the top layers are removed?? I don't think so. That would be
exfoliating. I think somehow that if this method works, there's more to it than that. I
think it would have something to do with the blood flow to the area and then the cracks
filling in somehow from the inside out. At least, that is how I would HOPE it works. Seems
like a more permanent way to get rid of wrinkles to me... As for my experiment with this,
now I'm not sure how I can do the lines on my forehead. If I contract the muscles there,
then what I'm doing is not pushing out the wrinkles, but creating deeper valleys.... Does
he have any specific info on how to use this method with the forehead??
He says for the forehead in the Massage Chapter:
Wrinkles on the forehead can be prevented, delayed, or reduced by friction and kneading,
and by application of pressure. Use the base of the palms of the hand, or the finger
tips, in a rotary
movement, with very firm pressure. Close one eye at a time, as this smoothes
out the forehead. (I guess that sentence answers your question).
Kneading of the forehead may be accomplished by using thumb and fingers of one hand.
With firm pressure, with one end just above the other, push the fingers together,
or just passing each other. Begin at the lower border of the forehead and work up.
In this fashion the pressure exerted on the skin is at right angles to the
wrinkles. If your skin is sensitive, proceed with caution. Stop short of
irritation. Friction with your hand will not make your skin shine.
Under benefits of massage/friction: increased & improved circulation of the
blood and lymph in the true skin; and to structural changes in the fat deposits.
Wrinkles that are stubbornly set, incident to years, and the senile wrkles of skin
wasting, seem to be almost rooted and cannot be totally effaced.
Such wrinkles represent a definite microscopic change in the tissues under them.
Elastic fibers are absorbed, tiny skin muscles are absorbed, fat is absorbed at that
point, and so the wrinkle actually is a scar in the skin. This is the reason why
massage will not remove it. But anyone having a fair degree of health and some
determination can improve sagging tissues of the face by exercise...and massage...The old
saying that a machine will rust out sooner than it can be worn out, also applies to the
human body. CONTINUED activity of physical functions keeps them in constant repair,
hence promotes their longevity. The skin is no exception to the rule. As an
estimation of age is largely
based upon facial appearances, special attention should be given to it to keep its healthy
appearance. Hence the exercises...and massage for preventing, delaying and minimizing
I think increasing muscle size is only way to
'smooth out' wrinkles. Put your tongue in your cheek and watch all the lines
disappear. Of course, other measures may work equally well, but
this seems to be only route that has worked for me. Keep us
I know you massage too. The book emphasizes exercise, exercise,
exercise as your first line of action for wrinkles. The friction rub is simply one,
but not the only, form of massage the book
advocates in conjunction with exercise. The guy said he got rid of all his lines
around his mouth by exercise, not the rubbing.
Fascinating! Who's going to do the first
book report for us?? :-)
Ha, Ha. On which book?
The books convinced me of the value of facial exercise--not rubbing out wrinkles.
The rub is just part of the massage technique to use in conjunction with exercise.
When I found Deb's program, I was already sold on the value of exercise because of these
Besides, don't you know "READERS ARE LEADERS" [:-}
Can you tell me where I might be able to get hold of
Frederick Rossiters book online. I tried Amazon, but they don't seem to stock it.
I couldn't find one to purchase since its out of
print. Your public library probably won't have it either, but through searching the
library's World Catalog you can probably get a copy.